The Greek gods
Greek mythology begins at the beginning of the world! The Greek gods that existed then were thePrimordial Gods🇧🇷 Hesiod's famous work called Theogony (meaning "Birth of the Gods" in Greek) presents a complete cosmogony. Forces of nature are personified and the most basic components of the cosmos are gods.
According to Hesiod, in the beginning there was chaos.Chaos was the embodiment of absolute nothingness.- a submerged and dark void from which all existence sprang. came from chaosEros, the god of love and procreation.🇧🇷 We can see that the ancient Greeks considered love to be one of the most fundamental forces in the world. After thisTartaruswas born, a place dark as the abyss andthe original god of the underworld.Diosa Gaiathen followed, youthe personification of the earth.Erebus, the god of darkness, miNyx, goddess of the night, they too were born from chaos. Came from GaiaOurea, the god of the mountains,Pontus, god of the sea, miUranus, the god of the air.
The complete list of Greek primordial gods:
- an occasion: the goddess of eternal night. The first creature that some say existed even before Chaos itself. According to Hesiod, she is the demon of death.
- ether: The god of light. The life spark for every creature. Etymologically, ether means the highest and purest layer of air.
- Αion: the god of eternity. He was a ghostly primordial deity who embodied the meaning of time (sometimes confused with the god Cronos). In Greek, Aion means "century". Although disembodied, he was also depicted as a monster with a snake's body and three heads: a human (male), a bull, and a lion. According to one myth, Aion and his companion Ananke (also with the body of a serpent) wrapped and broke the cosmic egg to form the "classified" universe (earth - sky - sea).
- Ananke: the goddess of inevitability, compulsion and necessity. She was an inescapable divine force.
- Chaos: the god of emptiness. He was the beginning of all life. According to most versions of Greek mythology, chaos existed before everyone.
- Chronos: The god of time. Not to be confused with Aion (god of eternity) or Cronos (the Titan we will meet later).
- erebos: the god of darkness and shadow. Together with her sister, the goddess Nyx, she symbolizes the stillness and depth of the night. He is usually depicted as a giant dark-winged being, a double with Nyx.
- Eros: the god of love and procreation. Not to be confused with Eros, the winged god of desire, whom we will meet later.
- Gaia: the goddess of the earth (mother earth). She is the mother of everything, the primal mother. On a cosmogenic level, it symbolizes the material side of the universe, while chaos symbolizes the space of the universe. Eros symbolizes the driving force that unites everything and creates the rest.
- hemera: the goddess of the day.
- Hypnosis: the god of sleep and father of Morpheus.
- justice: the goddess of retribution.
- Oh no: the goddesses of the islands.
- Nyx: the goddess of the night. It was a sovereign, primordial, and cosmogenic entity respected and feared by most gods. She is the sister of Erebus, the god of darkness and shadow.
- Our: The gods of the mountains.
- score: the god of the sea and father of sea creatures.
- Tartarus: the god of the darkest and deepest part of the underworld - the original god of the underworld. The underworld was the place where the wicked are imprisoned and eternally tortured after death.
- Thalassa: the goddess of the sea and wife of the god Pontus.
- Thanatos: The god of death. He is the twin brother of Hypnos (god of sleep) and lives in dark Tartarus.
- Uranus: the god of the air. He soon became the ruler of the world and the father of the Titans.
the titan gods
According to Greek mythology and ancient Greek religion,The Titans were the pre-Olympic gods🇧🇷 His parents were Gaia (Mother Earth) and Uranus (God of Heaven). They had two other species as sisters, also born from the union of Gaia and Uranus: the Hecatonchiras (meaning "the ones with a hundred hands") and the Cyclopes (meaning "round eyes").
How the titans became rulers of the world
The first Titans were twelve years old; six men and six women. The youngest was Chronos. At some point, Uranus decided that he didn't like Cyclops and Hecatonchires at all. He thought her too ugly and too powerful, so he imprisoned her in Tartarus, in the depths of the underworld. Gaia, the mother of the Cyclops and Hecatonchires, did not like the way Uranus treated her children. She was angry with Urano and decided to take revenge. He asked his other sons, the Titans, to cut off Uranus's genitals and strike him down... The Titans were too scared to do so, except for one: the youngest of the twelve, Kronos. As Uranus approached Gaia, Kronos surprised Uranus and cut off his genitals with a scythe. Chronos with his action separated Uranus (the heavens) and Gaia (the earth).
From the drops of blood from Uranus that fell on Gaia, the Erinyes (Furies), the Meliai, and the giants were born. The Erinyes were deities of vengeance. If you broke an oath or hurt someone, they would haunt you forever. The Meliai were tree nymphs, beautiful and gentle deities. Giants were creatures of immersive power and very aggressive.
After Ouranos was defeated, Kronos freed his brothers from dark Tartarus and the Titans became the new Greek gods. They immediately recognized Cronos as their leader and ruler of the cosmos, and helped him consolidate his power. Having become the undisputed ruler of the world, Cronos, fearing the power of the Hekatonchirs and Cyclopes as his father had done before him, once again imprisoned them in Tartarus.
The full list of Titans:
The first Titans, sons of Uranus and Gaia, were twelve years old; six males and six females.
- Chronos: the titanic god of the harvest. Kronos, although the youngest of the first twelve Titans, became the ruler of the world after overthrowing his father Ouranos. He then married his older sister Rhea.
- to be continued: the titan goddess of fertility and procreation. She determines the course of events and her name literally means "the flowing one" in Greek.
- The ocean: the titanic god of the oceans. He was the eldest son of Uranus and Gaia. His domain extended to every corner of the earth and to every corner of the horizon. Oceanus was the personification of water and was paired with his sister, the titan Tethys.
- Thetis: the titan goddess of rivers and freshwater. She was the wife of Oceanus and the mother of more than 3000 river gods (rivers personified by the ancient Greeks), the Oceanids (nymphs of springs, streams and wells) and the Nephelai (cloud nymphs).
- Hyperion: the titanic god of light. Its blinding light shone in all directions. His name means "he who walks the earth" in Greek. It symbolized eternal splendor. He fell in love with his sister, the Titan goddess Theia.
- Theia: the Titan Goddess of Aether. Theia bore the Titan Hyperion three radiant children: Helios (the sun), Eos (the dawn), and Selene (the moon).
- Japeto: the titanic god of mortal life. He symbolized mortality and the length of mortal life. He was the father of Atlas of the Titans (responsible for bearing the weight of heaven on his shoulders), Prometheus (who gave man fire) and Epimetheus (who married Pandora, the first mortal woman). Iapetus was also considered to embody one of the four pillars separating heaven and earth. He represented the Pillar of the West, the other three were represented by his brothers Crius, Coeus and Hyperion. All four brothers played an active role in the dethronement of their father, Urano; Being all at the four corners of the earth, they held Uranus while his brother Kronos emasculated him with a scythe.
- Cold: the titanic god of constellations. Its name means "ram" in Greek, reflecting its connection to the Aries constellation.
- CEO: the titanic god of intellect. He was also considered the personification of the celestial axis around which the heavens revolve. He married his sister Phoebe.
- Feb: The titan goddess of prophecy and oracular intellect. Phoebe gave birth to the Titan Coeus' two children, Leto and Asteria. The titan Leto later copulated with the Olympian god Zeus and fathered the Olympians Artemis and Apollo. Since Phoebe symbolized prophetic wisdom just as Coeus represented rational intelligence, the pair together may have functioned as the ultimate source of all knowledge in the cosmos.
- It was: The Titan goddess of divine law and order. He also had the ability to predict the future, later becoming one of the Delphic Oracles.
- mnemonic: the titan goddess of memory. Mnemosyne was generally regarded as the personification of memory and remembrance. Later, Zeus slept with Mnemosyne for nine consecutive days, resulting in the birth of the nine muses. In Hesiod's Theogony, kings and poets drew inspiration from Mnemosyne and the Muses, acquiring their extraordinary skill in language and the use of powerful words. All ancient writers turn to the Muses at the beginning of their works. Homer asks the muses in both the Iliad and the Odyssey to help him tell the story in the most appropriate way, and even today the muses are symbols of inspiration and artistic creation.
The Titans represented the forces of nature and natural phenomena to the ancients. These forces have ruled the world since the earliest times of creation. Only Themis and Mnemosyne represented more moods, justice and memory. During the ensuing Battle of the Gods (the so-called "Titanomachy"), Themis and Mnemosyne were the only two of the early Titans who did not side with their brothers in their war against the Olympians and continued their course on the side of Olympus. gods.
When Rhea became pregnant with Kronos' first child, Ouranos prophesied that Kronos' children would overthrow him as he overthrew Uranus. When Rhea gave birth to their first child, Hestia, Cronus couldn't get the Uranus prophecy out of his mind. Overcome with fear and madness and trying to avoid his father's fate, he swallowed the newborn! So did his next four children; Cronus devoured all five of his newborns! The only one who survived was the sixth and youngest son Zeus. Rhea tricked Cronus into eating a stone instead of the baby and raised Zeus on the island of Crete by his mad father. Zeus grew older and stronger and eventually attempted to free his brothers, leading to the epic battle between the Titans and the Olympians, which the latter ultimately won and overthrew the previous generation of Greek gods.
It is worth noting that there were many more Titans than those mentioned, descendants of the first twelve.
the Olympian gods
The Olympian gods werethe main greek gods who lived on mons olympus🇧🇷 The gods of Olympus rose to power by defeating the Titans in the War of the Titans (aka Titanomachy). They were sons of Kronos and Rhea. Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Hestia and Demeter, Hades and later Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Athena, Hephaestus, Aphrodite and Ares. Over the years, the demigod Dionysus became part of their group on Mount Olympus.
It is very common to refer to the Greek pantheon as "the 12 gods of Olympus". However, the ancient Greeks did not worship twelve specific gods. Instead, there were many more gods and others, large and small but still important, that were worshiped locally.
The rule of Zeus was not absolute. To obtain it, Zeus and his ilk had to fight the titans and then the giants. The Battle of the Giants was more violent and lasted longer. The greatest Olympic athletes took part in the battle. Giants weren't as immortal as Titans. But they had enormous strength and a monstrous shape. After a long and fierce war, the Greek gods, with the help of the demigod, the son of Zeus, the hero Hercules, managed to defeat all the giants.
The Olympian gods had the same inclinations and desires, flaws and qualities as mortals, though sometimes living in similar conditions. They looked human, but they were almost always more beautiful and stronger than humans. The gods could transform as they wished or teleport wherever they wished. This was also a motivation for the famous Greek hospitality, which was a very important institution in ancient Greece. The Greeks always welcomed any foreigner who might end up being a god in disguise!
As can be seen in many myths, the gods of the Greeks were not indifferent to the people. On the contrary, they often came into contact with them, traveled in secret, turned into ordinary people, rewarded the good and punished the unjust. The gods found no better way to be happy than to live as humans. But they were freed from two of humanity's great afflictions: the fear of deprivation and the fear of death. In fact, the privilege of the gods is carefree. They never think about illness, old age, death. Nectar, the wine of the gods, and ambrosia, the divine food of Olympus, guarantee beauty, health and happiness to the immortals.
Immortal Greek gods settled on the top of Olympus. There they built their divine palaces and viewed the whole world from there. Ancient Greek religion is based on wisdom. People greatly admired the gods without envying them. Famous temples were built for them and famous works of art were inspired by them. The gods reflected the ideals of the ancient Greek people.
Greek mythological tours
The full list of the Greek gods of Olympus:
Zeus was recognized as the father of gods and men. He regulated celestial phenomena and defined the laws that govern the people. In one hand he held the thunderbolt and in the other the scepter with an eagle emblazoned on its tip. He was known as the "Lord of Justice". People respected and feared him at the same time. He watched over families, guarding the home of every mortal and protecting strangers and passers-by from harm. Zeus' wife was the goddess Hera, to whom he was not always faithful. Greek mythology is full of love stories about Zeus, who liked to transform himself into anything he could imagine and mingled with other goddesses or mortals.
Demeter was the Greek goddess of agriculture and protected trees, plants and crops. She was the first to make the land fertile and taught people to grow wheat, barley and other crops. Demeter is somewhat isolated from the twelve gods in the ancient myths, and that is because she is an even older goddess. The Greeks received their cult from the Pelasgians who originally lived in Greece. According to Greek mythology, the daughter of Demeter is mentioned as Persephone, who was once abducted by the god Hades and became his wife. The most sacred and secret religious rites of ancient Greece, the Eleusinian Mysteries, were performed in honor of Demeter.
Poseidon was one of the six children of Kronos and Rhea and brother of Zeus. He was given the kingdom of the seas, but he was also considered the god of horses and earthquakes. That is why he was called "he who makes the earth tremble". He rarely lived on Mount Olympus, preferring the depths of the ocean. He sat in a famous chariot drawn by immortal horses and held in his hand the famous trident forged by the Cyclopes. When Poseidon was angry, he would dip the trident into the sea and shake it from end to end. The sailors begged Poseidon to spare them his wrath.
Hades was the brother of Zeus and Poseidon and the god of the underworld. He received this kingdom when the three brothers cast lots to decide who would get each of the three (heaven, sea and underworld). He liked to live in the dark and dreary world of the dead and was rarely seen on Mount Olympus. For this reason, although he is one of the most important gods, some lists do not include him among the 12 Olympian gods. He was also known as Pluto. "Pluto" means wealth in Greek. The earth gives us many treasures and since the kingdom of Hades lies beneath it, the ancient Greeks believed that he was the one who gave them the riches. In fact, they preferred to call him Pluto because the name Hades was another name for the underworld and they didn't like the idea of death. The entrance to the Underworld is guarded by a monstrous dog, Hades' favorite pet, the three-headed Cerberus. In order for your soul to cross the still river, you must pay the ferryman Charon to take you on his boat.
The goddess Hera was the sister of Zeus, the daughter of the Titans Kronos and Reia, and at the same time the wife of Zeus. The ivy symbolized and protected the sacred institution of marriage. He blessed and helped women in childbirth. Greek mythology presents Hera as a modest, measured and faithful woman, but at the same time very jealous. There are almost no myths that refer exclusively to Hera. His name is almost always associated with myths about Zeus. However, Hera does not present herself to her sovereign husband as a submissive goddess. She had a strong female personality and she was the only one who dared to defy him.
Apollo and Artemis were brothers, actually twins, sons of Zeus and Leto, a Titan goddess. According to tradition, the two children were born on the island of Delos. Apollo is one of the most important and complex Greek gods. He is the god of light, music and poetry, healing and prophecy. It was he who founded the Great Oracle of Delphi, considered the center of the ancient world. He was the teacher of the nine muses and when they sang he accompanied them with his famous lyre.
Artemis, the twin sister of Apollo, was the goddess of the hunt, wild animals and the wilderness. She spent her time in the forest, accompanied by the nymphs, hunting with bows and arrows. She was a virgin goddess and protector of girls. She was also worshiped as one of the main goddesses of childbirth and midwifery, relieving the discomfort of women in labor. Sometimes she was associated with the goddess of the moon.
Most beautiful among mortals and immortals, Aphrodite was born from the foam of the sea when the blood of Uranus fell on him after his defeat by Kronos. This fact makes her the oldest among the gods of Olympus. His name literally means "risen from the foam". Aphrodite was worshiped as the goddess of beauty and passion. He could awaken love in the hearts of both men and women. Most myths usually depict Aphrodite as a vengeful woman. Aphrodite was worshiped throughout Greece and many priestesses served her. According to Greek mythology, she married the fire and blacksmith god Hephaestus, but was in love with the war god Ares, with whom she had many children, including the winged love god Eros.
Ares, the god of war, was the son of the Greek gods Zeus and Hera. He was always followed by two of his faithful sons and followers, the gods Deimos and Phobos. Ares was handsome and strong, young and well armed. He loved war and battles, so people hated him and their worship was limited. Only in Sparta was he particularly revered and a statue dedicated to him. According to tradition, Ares was tried for his numerous war crimes on one of Athens' hills, Areopagus Hill, which later became the seat of the Criminal Court of Ancient Athens.
Hephaestus was the god of fire and the forge. He was born ugly and for this reason his mother, the goddess Hera, who could not feed him, expelled him from Olympus. Since then he has been limping. Hephaestus fell into the sea, where he was picked up by the Nereids and revived by them. Growing up, he became a famous craftsman and set up his workshop on Mount Etna in Sicily. With his various metals he created works of art of incomparable beauty. Once he made a throne of gold and sent it to his mother Hera. As soon as Hera sat down, invisible chains bound her without anyone being able to loosen them. They tried to persuade Hephaestus, but only succeeded after getting him drunk first. Hephaestus, the god of fire, named volcanoes in Greek. The titan Prometheus took fire from it and gave it to the humans. Hephaestus was also the one who built the bronze and gold palaces on Mount Olympus.
Hermes was the god of wealth, commerce, thieves and travelers. He was also known as the messenger god as he was the herald of the Olympians and carried messages between them. He was the son of Zeus and Maia, daughter of the Titan Atlas. He was a clever, inventive, and arrogant god. Immediately after his birth, Hermes saw a turtle. He took his shell, put seven strings on it and invented the lyre. Once he stole the oxen guarded by the god Apollo and locked them in a cave. He didn't want to admit the theft, but in the end he confessed. To avoid punishment, he gave the lyre to Apollo. Hermes wore winged sandals and held the caduceus, his wand entwined with two snakes. He was the one who escorted the souls of the dead to Hades and was therefore known as the "soul carrier".
Greek mythological tours
According to Greek mythology, Athena was the goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare. Athena was the beloved daughter of Zeus. His mother was the titan Metis, the first wife of Zeus. Zeus received a prophecy informing him that Metis would give birth to the child who would overthrow his father. To avoid the prophecy, Zeus swallowed Metis while she was pregnant in Athens. Later, Zeus got a headache and called Hephaestus for help. Hephaestus hit Zeus on the head with his hammer and Athena sprang out in full armor. She is always depicted armed, never as a girl, always as a virgin. He won the battle for Athena's patronage over Poseidon. The Parthenon in Athens is the most famous temple dedicated to her. Protector of heroes and wisest of gods, Athena was considered one of the most powerful and important goddesses of Olympus.
Despite being a demigod, Dionysus managed to win the hearts of the gods and his place on Olympus! As the god of wine, the ritual madness of viticulture and religious ecstasy, he was very popular with the people and was considered a very important god. He was the son of the god Zeus and the mortal Semele. He was the patron god of theater and taught people how to make wine. The Athenians celebrated a famous festival in honor of Dionysus, characteristic of their rejoicing. Any use of force was forbidden during these holidays.
Hestia was the goddess of domesticity, hearth and hearth, the flame that kept a family's hearth warm. She was the eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea and the eldest sister of Zeus. In the center of the house of the ancient Greeks stood an altar in his honor. The women of the house were responsible for keeping Hestia's flame burning. The cult of Hestia was associated with the cult of Zeus, which protected foreign travelers. The goddess Hestia was the first to invent house building, she taught people how to do it and became the protector of peace and family happiness. She was always on Mount Olympus and kept the sacred flame burning.
other greek gods
In addition to the above, there were other minor gods that people also honored and respected. The Greeks often made sacrifices to ask for their help or to gain their favor and built beautiful temples to honor them. Some honorable mentions are:
- Hectares: the goddess of magic and necromancy. It was she who helped the goddess Demeter to find her daughter. Dogs were closely associated with her. The ancient Greeks believed that when dogs suddenly barked at night, Hekate was passing by.
- Polo: the god of winds. He oversaw the eight wind gods (each direction of the wind was personified by the ancient Greeks).
- Asclepius: the god of medicine. He was the son of the god Apollo, who taught him the science of medicine.
- Eris: the goddess of jealousy and discord. She was the one who threw the golden apple at Thetis and Peleus' wedding because they didn't invite her. His action was the starting point that would later lead to the epic Trojan War.
- frying pan: the god of the jungle, shepherds and rural music. He is considered one of the oldest Greek gods and was particularly loved by the people.
But there are so many other Greek gods! There are, of course, deities who, though great, remained secondary or never outgrew their local character.Eilithia, goddess of childbirth; God of WarEnyaliosand your coupleEnyos;Lefkotheamiby Jewryn, mothers and teachers of the sea creatures, namely lords of the sea creaturesBlue green,Proteus,Mia,forks🇧🇷 is so much more.
Other deities are organized into groups by gender and age. The youth forms are considered more important because they are always on the move, dancing, singing. The Graces, the Muses, the Nereids, the Oceanids are some of the most popular groups of deities.
Many of these minor Greek gods and goddesses are forces of nature. Cities honor their rivers and springs with a special altar or temple that personifies them. The cult of the winds and the sun was also very popular. The moon and Eos, the goddess of dawn, also appear in some myths, while the cult of the earth has never ceased to exist in traditional religion.
The existence of such deities has led to the notion that the gods are personifications of natural phenomena and nature itself. The Greeks, for example, regarded rivers as gods, children of the great gods. Nymphs can be found in springs and wells that are considered sacred places; the water of certain springs was considered fertile, which is why they were associated with the groom's ritual bath before the wedding; Newborn babies were thrown into the water of a certain sacred spring to be blessed and lead a good life.
Maybe you like:
- 30 of the most famous stories in Greek mythology
- Monsters of Greek mythology: full list and description
Greek mythological tours
About the Author: Our team at Greek TravelTellers is made up of scholars and lovers of Greek culture. Our vision is to transmit our Greek knowledge and values through unique tours and experiences. Through our blog we hope to bring you closer to Greek history and culture. Feel free to learn moreabout us.
Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Hestia and Demeter, Hades, and later on Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Athena, Hephaestus, Aphrodite and Ares. Over the years, the Demi-god Dionysus became part of their group on Olympus. It is very common to refer to the Greek pantheon as “the 12 Olympian Gods”.How many Greek gods are there in total? ›
Ancient Greek religion was based on the belief that there were twelve gods and goddesses that ruled the universe from Mount Olympus, in Greece.How many Greek gods are there and who are they? ›
In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, Aphrodite, Athena, Artemis, Apollo, Ares, Hephaestus, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus.Where did the 12 Greek gods come from? ›
The 12 Olympian gods of Greek mythology were actually the third generation of gods, six of them having been born of the powerful Titans who had overthrown their father, Uranus, the sky.Who is the 13th Greek god? ›
13. Dionysus. Dionysus is the Greek god of wine. He was often considered an outsider of the Twelve Olympians because he had a mortal mother.Who is the strongest Greek god? ›
Why is Zeus the strongest god? Zeus is the strongest of the gods in the Ancient Greek religion because he has both power and intelligence. He is able to ensure that he is not replaced by another, more powerful deity. He is also able to ensure the allegiance of many other gods by giving them rights and privileges.Is there 33 gods? ›
The Samhitas, which are the oldest layer of text in Vedas, enumerate 33 devas, either 11 each for the three worlds, or as 12 Adityas, 11 Rudras, 8 Vasus, and 2 Ashvins in the Brahmanas layer of Vedic texts.Who is the number 1 Greek god? ›
1. Zeus. Zeus was the God of the sky and lightning. He was the supreme deity of the Ancient Greek Pantheon and King of Olympus.Is Thor a Greek god? ›
Because Thor is a Norse god, he is not considered a god in Greek mythology; however, like most mythology, there is a Greek equivalent to Roman, Norse, and g. Therefore, if you wanted to look at Thor as a Greek god, you would look at the Greek god, Zeus.How many kids did Zeus have? ›
Accounts Vary, But Some Estimate Zeus Might Have Had Around 92 Different Children. As with many Greek characters, different stories over the centuries give varying accounts on Zeus's life.
Perseus set out with the aid of the gods, who provided him with divine tools. While the Gorgons slept, the hero attacked, using Athena's polished shield to view the reflection of Medusa's awful face and avoid her petrifying gaze while he beheaded her with a harpe, an adamantine sword.Who is Zeus afraid of? ›
It is commonly thought that Nyx is the only goddess that Zeus is truly afraid of because she is older and more powerful than him. This traces back to one story in which Hera, Zeus' wife and goddess of marriage and childbirth, works together with Hypnos, the god of sleep, to trick Zeus.Who is the 2nd strongest Greek god? ›
- 1 Zeus, God Of The Sky.
- 2 Hera, Goddess Of Marriage. ...
- 3 Poseidon, God Of The Sea. ...
- 4 Ares, God Of War. ...
- 5 Hermes, Herald Of The Gods. ...
- 6 Apollo, God Of The Sun. ...
- 7 Athena, Goddess Of Wisdom. ...
- 8 Demeter, Goddess Of The Sacred Law. ...
1. Zeus or Jupiter. King of the gods is Zeus – or his Roman equivalent, Jupiter – who rules over Mount Olympus and is the god of thunder and lightning, as well as law and order.Who is the darkest Greek god? ›
EREBUS (Erebos) The primeval god of darkness. Like the other protogenoi he was elemental, being the substance of darkness, rather than a man-shaped god. His mists encircled the underworld and filled the hollows of the earth.Who is the youngest Greek god? ›
According to Philostratus the Elder, Hebe was the youngest of the gods and the responsible for keeping them eternally young, and thus was the most revered by them.Who Is the Loneliest Greek god? ›
|Parents||Nyx alone Nyx and Erebus|
|Siblings||Moros, Keres, Thanatos, Hypnos, Koalemos, Oneiroi, Momus, Hesperides, Moirai, Nemesis, Apate, Philotes, Geras, Eris, Styx, Dolos, Ponos, Euphrosyne, Epiphron, Continentia, Petulantia, Misericordia, Pertinacia|
In Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, a "hissing" Typhon, his eyes flashing, "withstood all the gods", but "the unsleeping bolt of Zeus" struck him, and "he was burnt to ashes and his strength blasted from him by the lightning bolt."What is Zeus weakness? ›
But representations of Zeus as a powerful young man also exist. Symbols or Attributes: Thunderbolt. Animal: Eagle. Strengths: Highly powerful, strong, charming, persuasive. Weaknesses: Gets in trouble over love, can be moody.Why is Zeus scared of Nyx? ›
Zeus even feared Nyx because she was older and stronger than him. She is the only goddess he's ever feared. That speaks volumes of her power. The moonstone is used to honor her to this day.
The New Gods (also known as the Seven)
As long as you're not too far north, the Seven—Father, Smith, Warrior, Mother, Maiden, Crone, and Stranger—are the main deities on the continent.
Brahma(ब्रह्म), God, paramātmā (परमात्मा), khudā (ख़ुदा), allāha (अल्लाह ) are all synonymous names for Supreme God, the Lord of the universe. The literal meaning of brahma is great or big. He is not only bigger than other big things, He is the biggest of all.How many gods are there in real? ›
Yajnavalkya said: “There are only 33 gods. These others are but manifestations of them.” In Hinduism there are said to be 330,000,000 gods.Who is the smartest Greek god? ›
What powers and skills did she have? Like all the Olympians, Athena was an immortal goddess and could not die. She was one of the most intelligent and wisest of the Greek gods.Who is the 3 most powerful Greek god? ›
The Big Three are the three most powerful gods among the Olympians - Zeus, Poseidon and Hades, the three sons of Kronos and Rhea.Who is Zeus sister? ›
Hestia is Zeus sister. She is a virgin goddess. She does not have a distinct personality. She plays no part in myths.Who is the god of death? ›
Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep. He appeared to humans to carry them off to the underworld when the time allotted to them by the Fates had expired.What is Loki god of? ›
As mentioned at the beginning, Loki is a god of mischief and often causes trouble for the Æsir, even when he's on their side. For example, he cuts off Sif's hair for seemingly no reason other than it amuses him. However, he always fixes his mistakes, often at an added benefit to the Æsir.Who is the god of fire? ›
Hephaestus, Greek Hephaistos, in Greek mythology, the god of fire. Originally a deity of Asia Minor and the adjoining islands (in particular Lemnos), Hephaestus had an important place of worship at the Lycian Olympus.Who is Zeus in the Bible? ›
|Roman equivalent||Jupiter ("Jovis" or "Iovis" in Latin)|
1. Apollo: Zeus' Best-Known Son. Of all the sons Zeus fathered, Apollo is perhaps the best known. Apollo was conceived during an illicit affair between Zeus and Leto (Zeus was married to Hera at the time), along with a twin sister named Artemis.Who was Zeus's youngest child? ›
Hebe was the youngest daughter to Zeus and his wife Hera. Her name came from the Greek word for 'youth', and it was thought she had the power to temporarily restore youth in a chosen few. Her principal role was as cupbearer to the Olympians, serving nectar and ambrosia.Who killed Poseidon? ›
Poseidon then made a desperate attempt to escape and survive, but is unable to reach the edge and is grabbed by Kratos, who then proceeds to crush his eyes and finally break his neck, killing the sea god once and for all.Who kills Hercules? ›
Several years later Heracles fell in love with Iole, daughter of Eurytus, king of Oechalia. Deianeira, realizing that Iole was a dangerous rival, sent Heracles a garment smeared with the blood of Nessus. The blood proved to be a powerful poison, and Heracles died.Did Medusa get pregnant? ›
Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena. During that time, Medusa was pregnant by Poseidon.Who is the favorite Greek god? ›
Zeus was worshiped far and wide across the Greek world, including at festivals such as the Olympic Games. His legacy as the greatest of gods also meant that he became the favored deity of great leaders in the ancient world.Who is the male god of war? ›
Ares, in Greek religion, god of war or, more properly, the spirit of battle. Unlike his Roman counterpart, Mars, he was never very popular, and his worship was not extensive in Greece. He represented the distasteful aspects of brutal warfare and slaughter.Who did Zeus cheat with? ›
Zeus fell in love with Io and seduced her. To try to keep Hera from noticing he covered the world with a thick blanket of clouds. This backfired, arousing Hera's suspicions. She came down from Mount Olympus and begain dispersing the clouds.Who is the oldest god? ›
The Mesha Stele bears the earliest known reference (840 BCE) to the Israelite God Yahweh.Who betrayed Zeus? ›
The Greek poet Hesiod related two principal legends concerning Prometheus. The first is that Zeus, the chief god, who had been tricked by Prometheus into accepting the bones and fat of sacrifice instead of the meat, hid fire from mortals.
It is commonly thought that Nyx is the only goddess that Zeus is truly afraid of because she is older and more powerful than him. This traces back to one story in which Hera, Zeus' wife and goddess of marriage and childbirth, works together with Hypnos, the god of sleep, to trick Zeus.Is there a god of fear? ›
Phobos (Ancient Greek: Φόβος, pronounced [pʰóbos], Ancient Greek: "fear") is the god and personification of fear and panic in Greek mythology. Phobos was the son of Ares and Aphrodite, and the brother of Deimos. He does not have a major role in mythology outside of being his father's attendant.Who is the biggest god in the world? ›
Vishnu is known as "The Preserver" within the Trimurti, the triple deity of supreme divinity that includes Brahma and Shiva. In Vaishnavism, Vishnu is the supreme being who creates, protects, and transforms the universe.Who created the first god? ›
Brahma the creator
In the beginning, Brahma sprang from the cosmic golden egg and he then created good and evil and light and dark from his own person. He also created the four types: gods, demons, ancestors and men, the first of whom was Manu. Brahma then made all the other living creatures upon the earth.
The number seven was extremely important in ancient Mesopotamian cosmology. In Sumerian religion, the most powerful and important deities in the pantheon were sometimes called the "seven gods who decree": An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna.Who is the queen of gods? ›
Hera, in ancient Greek religion, a daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, sister-wife of Zeus, and queen of the Olympian gods. The Romans identified her with their own Juno.How many 12 Olympian gods are there? ›
The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named after their dwelling place Mount Olympus.Are the 12 gods siblings? ›
Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia, and Hades are all brothers and sisters. All the other gods are Zeus's children and have different mothers.What were the 12 Roman gods called? ›
The 12 Roman Gods were: Jupiter, Juno, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Venus, Apollo, Diana, Minerva, Ceres, Vulcan, and Vesta. Jupiter held thunderbolts in his hands, which he could throw from the sky.Who is Zeus favorite child and why? ›
Zeus's Favourite Child Was Possibly Athena, Goddess of War
Perhaps partly because of the strange circumstances of her birth, Athena is often cited as Zeus's favourite child. He also greatly admired her strength of character and fighting spirit.
Hestia was the first born child of the Titans Cronus (Kronos) and Rhea, making her the oldest Greek God.Who is father of all gods? ›
Who is Zeus? Zeus is the god of the sky in ancient Greek mythology. As the chief Greek deity, Zeus is considered the ruler, protector, and father of all gods and humans. Zeus is often depicted as an older man with a beard and is represented by symbols such as the lightning bolt and the eagle.Who is the mother of all gods? ›
Aditi is said to be the mother of the great god Indra, the mother of kings (Mandala 2. 27) and the mother of gods (Mandala 1. 113.19). In the Vedas, Aditi is Devamata (mother of the celestial gods) as from and in her cosmic matrix all the heavenly bodies were born.Who is the son of all gods? ›
Jesus is called the "son of God," and followers of Jesus are called, "Christians." As applied to Jesus, the term is a reference to his role as the Messiah, or Christ, the King chosen by God.Did Apollo have a child? ›
As with the other major divinities, Apollo had many children; perhaps the most famous are Orpheus (who inherited his father's musical skills and became a virtuoso with the lyre or kithara), Asclepius (to whom he gave his knowledge of healing and medicine) and, according to the 5th-century BCE tragedian Euripides, the ...How many gods in the world? ›
Encyclopedia of Gods offers concise information on more than 2,500 of these deities, from the most ancient gods of polytheistic societies - Hittite, Sumerian, Mesopotamian - to the most contemporary gods of the major monotheistic religions - Allah, God, Yahweh.What Greek god begins with L? ›
LELANTUS (Lelantos) The Titan-god of stealth and moving unseen. LENAE (Lenai) The Satyrs or Silens of the wine-trough who treaded the grapes of Dionysus with a merry dance. LENEUS One of the drunken old Silens in the train of the god Dionysus. He was the demigod of the treading of grapes in the wine trough.Who did Zeus get pregnant? ›
Apollo: Zeus' Best-Known Son
Apollo was conceived during an illicit affair between Zeus and Leto (Zeus was married to Hera at the time), along with a twin sister named Artemis.
Who did Zeus marry? His sister Hera was the first and only to whom he was married, but that didn't stop him from fathering children with all and sundry, willing or not. Hera, the goddess of marriage and childbirth, constantly fought with Zeus throughout their marriage.How many kids did Zeus have in total? ›
In his private life Zeus was quite the lothario, fathering an unbelievable number of around 100 children with many different women (but don't hate him too much – it's just a myth, after all). Of this 100, he fathered a mix of sons and daughters, many of whom were gods and goddesses, and some became great leaders.