Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (2023)

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (1)

(Banguecoque) –BurmaSecurity forces deliberately "hanged" protesters and used deadly force during anti-junta protests in Hlaing Tharyar township, Yangon, on March 14, 2021, Human Rights Watch said today. Soldiers and police armed with assault rifles shot and killed trapped protesters and those trying to help the least 65 protesters and spectators.

Several demonstrations broke out in Yangon and other cities after the February 1 military coup against Myanmar's democratically elected government. Police and the military repeatedly used lethal force against mostly peaceful protesters, in violation of international human rights law. The fatal shooting in Hlaing Tharyar is characterized by the large number of people killed and the apparent deliberate use of deadly force by security forces.

"The massacre by Myanmar security forces of several dozen people on the outskirts of Yangon in mid-March was not a case of misguided counterinsurgency," he said.manny maung, Myanmar researcher for Human Rights Watch. "The Hlaing Tharyar killings bear the hallmarks of a planned attack on protesters for which those responsible, whatever their position, must be held to account."

Human Rights Watch remotely interviewed six witnesses to the violence in Hlaing Tharyar. Human Rights Watch also verified 13 videos of the protests recorded on March 14 and 31 photos posted on Facebook, Twitter, or YouTube.

Demonstrations against the coup began in early March in Hlaing Tharyar, a largely industrial area across the Hlaing River, west of Yangon. With many unionists living and working in the area, the protests were particularly large and well organized. Before dawn on March 14, protesters erected cement block and sandbag barricades as barriers at major bus stops along Hlaing River Road, the area's main thoroughfare, before the strikes began by the 5 am.

Around 10:00 am, some 200 soldiers and policemen began moving towards Hlaing Tharyar, skirting the barricades and prompting the protesters to withdraw or disperse. Witnesses said that at 11 a.m. security forces had rounded up many protesters from both the east and west, a tactic dubbed "little cat🇧🇷 Only one witness in Mie Kwat Zay said that security forces gave a verbal warning before the military and police fired on protesters, but in all other places witnesses heard no warning.

Testimony and videos show that security forces deliberately fired at protesters in an attempt to kill or maim them without endangering the lives of security forces. A video shows the meeting of police and military at 1 p.m. on the Aung Zeya bridge that separates Hlaing Tharyar from Yangon. The forces watch the protesters in the streets below and can be heard arguing when and whom to shoot. An unidentified person says off-screen, "Shoot them in the head," as two police officers point assault rifles at the protesters. Shots are heard and the same stranger shouts: “Shoot! Shooting! Shooting!"

The six witnesses said that the security forces also fired at people trying to reach the wounded. "[We] couldn't help the wounded because they would shoot us if we tried," a witness said. "We couldn't reach them and they died. Some people who tried to help anyway advanced and were shot in the head and killed."

Witnesses said that some protesters used weapons such as rocks, slingshots and Molotov cocktails in response to fire from security forces, but no security force casualties were reported.

On March 15, a day after the killings, the junta charged the "rioters" with setting fire to garment factories and blocking firefighters, and imposed an arrest.martial lawin Hlaing Tharyar and in the nearby community of Shwe Pyi Thar. “The protesters wreaked havoc in the streets and more than 2,000 protesters also blocked the streets to prevent fire trucks from leaving their posts and fighting the flames,” the executive said.ExplanationIt is.

The United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials state that security forces should “use non-violent means before resorting to the use of force and ​firearms” and must use the minimum force necessary at all times. Firearms may only be used when other, less damaging means are impractical, but must be used to the minimum necessary. The intentional deadly use of firearms is only permitted if it is absolutely unavoidable to protect life. The Basic Principles further state that "in the event of death and serious injury or other serious consequences, a detailed report shall be sent immediately to the competent authorities."

Since the coup, Myanmar security forces have killed more than 1,200 protesters and bystanders across the country, committing murder, torture and other crimes amounting to crimes against humanity. The crime against humanity of homicide has been defined by international courts as death "resulting from an act or omission of the accused committed with the intent to kill or cause serious bodily injury with reasonable knowledge that it is likely to result in death." .

The State Board of Directors, the Myanmar board, is not known to have taken any action against security forces or personnel for their involvement in crimes in Hlaing Tharyar or command responsibility. The military commander in charge of the Yangon region, including Hlaing Tharyar, was Brigadier General victory oath🇧🇷 The Yangon Area Police Chief was Brigadier General.Myo Min Htike🇧🇷 Former Myanmar military officials told Human Rights Watch that regional military commanders control police forces in joint operations.

The United Nations, regional bodies and governments, including the European Union, the United States and the United Kingdom, must respond to the continuing human rights abuses and crimes against humanity in Myanmar by complementing, reinforcing and strengthening international sanctions against the junta and coordinated military leadership. by Mr. General Min Aung Hlaing. The measures were to include targeted sanctions against specific military and police commanders, including Brigadier General Nyunt Win Swe and Brigadier General Nyunt Win Swe.Myo Min Htike🇧🇷 a global arms embargo; and financial restrictions that would reduce the board's revenue from the extractive industries.

"Hlaing Tharyar was a bloodbath that must be brought to justice by those responsible," Maung said. "Such atrocities will continue unless the UN Security Council and affected governments take joint steps to hold Myanmar's military junta leaders accountable."

See below for details and reports on the attacks.

Murders and other abuses in Hlaing Tharyar

In early March, protesters erected barricades at several bus stops along the main Hlaing River road, which runs at right angles to the Hlaing River. Before dawn on March 14, they gathered at the barriers to join the protests from 5:00 am. At 10:00 a.m. At m., security forces reached the first barricade at Bus Stop 1. Witnesses said about 200 soldiers and policemen easily got around the barricades, forcing the protesters to retreat along the west highway or disperse into the streets. north and south sides.

At around 11:00 a.m., security forces arrived from the east and west and arrested the protesters between bus stop 3 and bus stop 5. Between 12:00 p.m. m. and 12:40 p.m. At m., security forces surrounded or "placed" protesters between Bus Stop 1 and Bus Stop 3, according to a Human Rights Watch analysis that combined key landmarks visible in two videos with satellite imagery and duration. and the angle of the shadows in the videos was compared.

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (2)

Witnesses are identified using pseudonyms for their protection.

"Ko Phyo", who joined the dawn protest at the Mie Kwat Zay bus stop near the local market, said police and soldiers started shooting with live ammunition at around 11:30 a.m. They fired non-stop and held the protesters captive for the next two hours:

In Mie Kwat Zay, a group of soldiers and policemen joined the ranks in the direction of BOC [intersection] bus stop, and another group from bus stop 1 came to arrest us in the middle. The police were in front and the soldiers behind. The soldiers started shooting.

Zaw Zaw said that security forces started shooting at protesters near bus stop 5 around 11 a.m.:

They started with tear gas and then rubber bullets. After 30 minutes the live rounds began. On our side we used slingshots and stones, and some even threw Molotov cocktails... Many people died before my eyes... I will never forget that day.

"Zaw Htet", who was joining a demonstration with other labor rights activists at the Tar Tar Phyu bus stop on Hlaing River Road, said around 1:40 p.m. At least 50 military trucks arrived at the Aung Zeya Bridge near the protesters' barricade. Security forces had passed more barricades in front of them. He said that they started shooting when they reached Tar Tar Phyu. At least two members of the armed security forces were stationed in two taller buildings:

Four people were shot before me in Tar Tar Phyu. Out of four people, three died instantly and another was taken to a clinic in a taxi... A child next to me was very scared. I told him to lie down and not get up, but he was so scared that he got up to run. They shot him in the neck and he died.

“Thiri” said that when he arrived at bus stop 3 around 2:30 p.m., three people were already dead. He could see that other people were pinned down by the gunfire, but some were trying to get off the main road onto a smaller road off the main road. He could make out two security guards in a tall building pointing their guns at the bus stop, and two more under a tree across the street:

We could see the police and soldiers gradually closing in on us. So those of us who could began to back off and spread out towards bus stop 5 as we tried to make our way through the alleys and back streets. So they sent an [aerial] drone to see which way we were going. There weren't many soldiers at that time, but they knew which way the protesters were going... Right before my eyes I saw a person being shot in the abdomen and his abdomen bursting open.

Myanmar security forces used low-flying drones during protests in other parts of the country, in Monywa, in the Sagaing region and in Myanmar.Mandalay Region.

Thiri said that shortly after seeing the drone, five more military trucks crossed the Aung Zeya Bridge. They ran along with four other people, and were shot by security forces, one bullet hitting a nearby post. She fled and hid behind a barricade at bus station 5, but the security forces shot there too:

I saw policemen and soldiers going into the alleys and grabbing everyone they saw. I was at bus station 5 at this point and I saw people shooting people who were running and trying to hide behind the barricades. When additional forces arrived, the combined police-military team advanced and fired non-stop. I saw another man get shot.

Click on the image to enlarge

"Zaw Zaw" he said:

Around 4pm we regrouped at the BOC bus stop. Police and soldiers attacked other stations like Tar Tar Phyu and Mie Kwat Zay. When we arrived at the COB station, one person was hit by a rubber bullet that went through his spine. They even chased us down smaller side streets.

Another protester, “Dear,” said that around 5 p.m., when the shooting stopped, she got on her motorcycle to see her friends:

That's when I came across a sniper shooting from a tall building, possibly the Ko Nyi Ma Swe phone shop on Hlaing River Road. I had to get off the bike and run. A man was shot earlier. I saw his blood on the street. His body was carried away by locals.

Witnesses said the shooting continued late into the night. A journalist reported that at 6:00 p.m. At m., security forces were still chasing and shooting protesters near Bogyoke Aung San Road and Hlaing River Road near Bus Stop 3.

Deliberate shooting at protesters

Witnesses described situations in which they believed security forces were aiming and shooting at protesters. Videos analyzed by Human Rights Watch corroborated these reports.

in a video, recorded around 1 p.m. m., police and military can be heard on the Aung Zeya Bridge discussing who and when to shoot and where to shoot. The suspension bridge is high above the protesters on the ground below, and two policemen can be seen on the north side of the bridge pointing their guns at Bo Ba Htoo Road. Background orders are shouted to contain the fire while the security forces coordinate the moment of the fire. Repeated gunshots can be heard out of frame.

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (4)

A police officer posted a Human Rights Watch-verified video on Tik Tok showing 11 police officers wearing the distinctive Lone Htein riot police badge preparing to crack down on protesters from a location in Yangon around noon. As they discuss the weapons they will use, one officer tells the others, "They will take care of Hlaing Tharyar." Another replies: "I will have no pity on these people."Human Rights ObservatorymiOthershave long documented the highly abusive role Lone Htein riot police played in previous government crackdowns, unfairly beating and arresting protesters and often working closely with the military.

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (5)

Two witnesses said they heard the use of automatic weapons during the raid. Both military and police personnel carried military-grade assault rifles that could be fired in full automatic mode. A photo released by a local media outlet shows military officers and vehicles parked on Hlaing Road between Mie Kwat Zay and the BOC bus stops between 4 p.m. m. and 6 p.m. m. and a soldier apparently carrying an MA-1 assault rifle. Other photos of police officers on the Yangon side of the Aung Zeya Bridge show them with BA-series assault rifles.

Videos and images analyzed by Human Rights Watch show security forces using deadly force against protesters. They also show security forces carrying out a coordinated maneuver to surround the protesters and block their exit routes.

In video taken just before 12:30 p.m., a group of protesters stands under a row of tarps about 35 meters from bus stop 3 as gunshots are heard intermittently nearby. Soon, tear gas is fired from the west and more gunshots are heard, prompting the protesters to disperse to the east.

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (6)

A second video, filmed one block north of the 3 bus stop around 12:30 p.m., appears to show protesters running from gunfire, with tear gas visible about 10 to 40 yards east of the bus stop. . A minute later, at least 10 security force trucks are seen in what appears to be a pincer movement, driving west from Aung Zeya Bridge towards Hlaing Tharyar towards the retreating protesters. A man lies on the sidewalk with an apparent gunshot wound to the head. Someone tries to help him, but gunfire forces them to abandon the man and run for cover.

Myanmar: Protesters attacked in March massacre (7)

The videos confirm to witnesses that security forces cut off the western and southern exit routes for protesters. A very short video and two images posted on social media appear to show security forces crossing the Bayint Naung Bridge over the Hlaing River south of the Aung Zeya Bridge towards Hlaing Tharyar around 3pm. Two other photos show at least one bulldozer and two military trucks on a causeway about a kilometer east of the Bayint-Naung Bridge in the direction of Hlaing Tharyar. The one-second video shows three trucks parked at the western end of the Bayint-Naung Bridge. The angle and duration of the shadows in the video and photos indicate that they were taken between 3 p.m. m. and 3:30 p.m.

Aim for people trying to help the injured.

The protesters took the wounded to mobile clinics set up in the infirmaries and to a clinic near Mie Kwat Zay. However, the six witnesses said they saw security forces preventing the injured from getting help and shooting those trying to reach the injured protesters or recover the bodies.

"Yadanar", a medical student, predicted the violence on March 14 and volunteered at a mobile clinic near Mie Kwat Zay. She said the patients arrived just after 1 p.m.:

At least 10 people who entered the clinic were shot. They were shot in the arms, legs, head and neck. One person died in our clinic. There may be other patients who died on the way to the hospital... When a patient came in with a shot to the head, I saw that he was having a seizure. We will send you to a hospital in an ambulance. But an ambulance carrying an injured person from our clinic to a hospital was attacked and the ambulance driver was seriously injured, so they even shot at the ambulances.

Witnesses said security forces piled the bodies in the back of military vehicles. Other bodies were left on the street when security forces fired on protesters trying to retrieve them. Police and soldiers also fired on protesters and health workers trying to help other injured protesters. Security forces fired at a health worker who was trying to retrieve a body just 30 meters away, hitting the health worker in the thigh, a witness said.

Click on the image to enlarge

Human Rights Watch analyzed a video taken around midday about 100 meters east of bus stop 5 on Hlaing River Road, showing protesters under fire trying to move injured protesters away from advancing security forces. At least four protesters are visibly injured trying to help others who have been shot; One protester lies limp and immobile as he is carried and another is bleeding from the back on the sidewalk. Tear gas is seen in the middle of the street. Gunshots ring out throughout the video, and the police and military move together west toward the bus stop.


Why did people protest in Myanmar? ›

jé]), began in early 2021 in opposition to the coup d'état on 1 February, staged by Min Aung Hlaing, the commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces, the Tatmadaw. As of 23 June 2022, at least 2000 protesters have been killed, 14,000 currently arrested and 700,000 displaced by the junta.

What caused the conflict in Myanmar? ›

The ethnic and religious violence in Myanmar is incredibly complex; the traumas of colonialism, poverty, the recent transition from a military government to a more democratic state, and the global war on terror all play major roles in shaping the conflict.

Is there still trouble in Burma? ›

A state of emergency remains in place across Myanmar. The security situation in Myanmar is unpredictable and liable to change without notice. There is conflict and significant violence across much of Myanmar, involving air strikes, artillery bombardments, landmines and armed clashes.

What's happening in Myanmar 2022? ›

As of September 2022, 1.3 million people have been internally displaced, and over 13,000 children have been killed. The Burmese military has escalated its use of war crimes, including murder, sexual violence, torture, and the targeting of civilians.

What is the main conflict in Myanmar? ›

The Rohingya conflict is an ongoing conflict in the northern part of Myanmar's Rakhine State (formerly known as Arakan), characterised by sectarian violence between the Rohingya Muslim and Rakhine Buddhist communities, a military crackdown on Rohingya civilians by Myanmar's security forces, and militant attacks by ...

What are people from Myanmar called? ›

Citizens of Burma, regardless of their ethnicity, are known as "Burmese", while the dominant ethnicity is called "Burman".

How can I help Myanmar? ›

The people of Myanmar are facing a crisis | Donate Now |
  1. Distributing core relief items like mosquito nets, soap and sleeping mats.
  2. Providing critical shelter materials such as tents, tarpaulins and bamboo poles to give people a safe place to sleep.

What is Myanmar known for? ›

Previously known as Burma, Myanmar is famous for its Buddhism, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, and the intriguing mix of British colonial architecture and gilded pagodas.

How many people have been affected by the Myanmar conflict? ›

UNOCHA said that as of early September 2022, 974,000 people had been internally displaced since the coup. Between the coup and June 2022, over 40,000 people fled into neighboring countries, including many from communities close to the borders that came under attack by junta forces.

Is it safe to go to Myanmar? ›

Avoid all travel to Myanmar due to the risk of politically motivated violence and civil unrest. If you are in Myanmar, you are at risk of arbitrary enforcement of local laws, which could lead to arrest and detention.

Why does the US not recognize Myanmar? ›

Due to its particularly severe violations of religious freedom, the United States has designated Myanmar a Country of Particular Concern (CPC) under the International Religious Freedom Act.

Can you go to Myanmar now? ›

Do not travel to Burma due to civil unrest and armed conflict. Reconsider travel to Burma due to COVID-19-related restrictions and limited and/or inadequate healthcare resources. Exercise increased caution due to wrongful detentions and areas with land mines and unexploded ordnance.

Is the military still in control of Myanmar? ›

Military rule in Myanmar (also known as Burma) lasted from 1962 to 2011 and resumed in 2021. Myanmar gained its independence from the British Empire in 1948 under the Burmese Independence Army, as a democratic nation.

Is Myanmar high risk? ›

At the FATF Plenary Press Conference on 21 October 2022, the FATF announced that Myanmar has been categorised as a high-risk jurisdiction subject to a call for action, as the country has not sufficiently addressed the “large number of AML/ CFT recommendations”.

Which country has the longest civil war? ›

Abstract. At sixty years plus, the civil war in Burma (Myanmar) is currently the longest ongoing civil war in the world. There are approximately 135 recognized ethnic groups which inhabit Burma. These vast cultural differences and identities play an important role in this protracted civil war.

Are there Muslims in Myanmar? ›

There are a variety of Burmese Muslim ethnic minorities, including the Chinese-Muslim Panthay in northern Myanmar, Shan Muslims, and Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine.

What is the race of Myanmar? ›

Myanmar comprises eight major national ethnic races with some 135 ethnic groups. The major national races are Kachin, Kayin, Kayah, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine and Shan. The Bamar form the largest national race constituting 70% of the whole population.

Who founded Myanmar? ›

Over the next 30 years, Anawrahta founded the Pagan Kingdom, unifying for the first time the regions that would later constitute the modern-day Burma.

Are Burmese Chinese? ›

Chinese Burmese, also Sino-Burmese or Tayoke, are a Burmese citizens of full or partial Chinese ancestry. They are group of overseas Chinese born or raised in Myanmar (Burma).
Chinese people in Myanmar
10 more rows

Which country has two names? ›

One country. Two names? Myanmar is the official name of the country upended by a military coup this week.

Is Burmese same as Chinese? ›

The Burmese language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman group of the Tibeto-Chinese family of languages, but, unlike Chinese, it is not ideographic. That is, it does not have characters which originated as pictures, but an alphabet, of eleven vowels and thirty-two consonants, derived from the Pahlavi script of South India.

Which country support Myanmar? ›

The Czech Republic officially uses Myanmar, although its Ministry of Foreign Affairs uses both Myanmar and Burma on its website. The United Nations uses Myanmar, as does the ASEAN and as do Australia, Russia, Germany, China, India, Bangladesh, Norway, Japan and Switzerland.

Does China support Myanmar? ›

China is the most important supplier of military aid and maintains extensive strategic and military cooperation. Since 1989, China has supplied Myanmar with jet fighters, armored vehicles and naval vessels and has trained Burmese army, air force and naval personnel.

Has the US helped Myanmar? ›

The United States Announces More Than $170 Million In Additional Humanitarian Assistance For Vulnerable People In Burma And Bangladesh.

Is Myanmar a beautiful country? ›

Myanmar is a beautiful country filled with beautiful people. See for yourself… This is the Shwedagon Pagoda, a giant, golden stupa and collection of temples in Yangon.

Was Myanmar once rich? ›

At the end of British rule, Myanmar was the second richest country in Southeast Asia. Because of years of isolationist policies, it is now one of the poorest, and around 26 percent of the population lives in poverty.

Is Burmese people friendly? ›

Locals are very friendly to foreigners

Burmese people are extremely welcoming and friendly when it comes to tourists. Locals will go out of their way to help you and expect nothing in return.

How many people left Myanmar? ›

Since the beginning of the military coup on 1 February 2021, at least 70,000 people have fled Myanmar, and more than one million remain internally displaced from their homes.

Why do people leave Myanmar? ›

Many people have left because of the conflict between the Myanmar army and ethnic armed groups. This started after Burma became independent in 1948. About 32% of its population are from ethnic minorities. Most of its people are Buddhist (around 87.9%).

What human rights is Myanmar violating? ›

Accountability crucial

Ms. Bachelet said that Myanmar's military forces are committing human rights violations with the impunity that they perpetrated four years ago during the violent persecution of Rohingya, and against other ethnic minorities in previous decades.

Is Myanmar a good country to live? ›

Myanmar is quite safe for expats and travelers. The most common incidents reported by foreigners are non-violent crimes, such as theft of unattended items or pick-pocketing, but even cases of those are extremely low. Yangon is one of Asia's safest cities, with no areas to be avoided.

Do they speak English in Burma? ›

Myanmar English (also called Burmese English) is the register of the English language used in Myanmar (Burma), spoken as first or second language by an estimated 2.4 million people, about 5% of the population (1997).
Myanmar English
Burmese English
Myanmar English
A welcome sign in English in Myanmar.
Native toMyanmar
6 more rows

Can I leave Myanmar? ›

We continue to advise you 'do not travel' to Myanmar due to ongoing civil unrest and armed conflict. If it's safe to do so, leave Myanmar via commercial means. Remain aware of the security environment at all times. Exercise caution and monitor media closely.

What country does the US not recognize? ›

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all UN member and observer states other than Bhutan, Iran, North Korea and Syria, and the UN observer State of Palestine, the last of which the U.S. does not recognize.

Is Russia allies with Myanmar? ›

History. Russia had established diplomatic relations with Myanmar, when it became independent and it remained even today after the fall of the Soviet Union.

What did the US do for Myanmar? ›

DOS and USAID supported programs that promoted democratic transparency and accountability through support to Burmese civil society and independent media. USAID promoted democratic transparency and accountability through support to Burma's civil society and independent media.

How long can Americans stay in Myanmar? ›

Tourist and business visas last 90 days. The Burmese government may require extra materials from business travelers and/or provide less time in-country. Proof of return or onward travel may be required for your visa. It may also be required when entering the country.

How long can I stay in Myanmar? ›

The validity of eVisa approval letter is 90 days from the issued date. If it is expired, entry will be denied. Length of stay is (28) days from the date of arrival in Myanmar. eVisa service is non refundable.

How safe is Cambodia? ›

Cambodia - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Cambodia due to an increase in thefts, robberies and opportunistic crimes.

How strong is the Myanmar army? ›

The Myanmar Army maintains the second largest active force in Southeast Asia after the People's Army of Vietnam, with a troop strength of around 350,000 in 2006. It has clashed against ethnic and political insurgents since its inception in 1948.
Myanmar Army
TypeGround army
19 more rows

Where does Myanmar get its weapons? ›

A subsidiary of Dynasty Group, Dynasty International Company Limited, is also a key arms supplier to the Myanmar military, with links to companies in Russia, Belarus and Germany. Dynasty International imported parts for Mi-17 helicopters since the attempted coup, according to data from the trade database, ImportGenius.

What is the rank of Myanmar army in the world? ›

For 2022, Myanmar is ranked 39 of 142 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. It holds a PwrIndx* score of 0.5972 (a score of 0.0000 is considered 'perfect').

Does Myanmar have crime? ›

Myanmar crime rate & statistics for 2020 was 0.01, a 99.59% decline from 2016.
Myanmar Crime Rate & Statistics 1990-2022.
Myanmar Crime Rate & Statistics - Historical Data
YearPer 100K PopulationAnnual % Change
17 more rows

How many countries are blacklisted? ›

As of November 2022, only three countries were on the FATF blacklist: North Korea, Iran, and Myanmar.

What country has the highest country risk? ›

Pakistan. Our statistical model estimates that there is a 16.3%, or approximately 1 in 6, chance of a new mass killing beginning in Pakistan in 2022 or 2023. Pakistan ranks 1st highest-risk among 162 countries.

What is the shortest war ever? ›

The little known Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896 is generally considered to be the shortest war in history, lasting for a grand total of 38 minutes. The story begins with the signing of the Heligoland-Zanzibar treaty between Britain and Germany in 1890.

What was the shortest civil war? ›

The Anglo-Zanzibar War was a military conflict fought between the United Kingdom and the Zanzibar Sultanate on 27 August 1896. The conflict lasted between 38 and 45 minutes, marking it as the shortest recorded war in history.

Has China ever had a civil war? ›

The Chinese Civil War was fought between the Kuomintang-led government of the Republic of China and forces of the Chinese Communist Party, continuing intermittently since 1 August 1927 until 7 December 1949 with a Communist victory on mainland China.

Why is there communal violence in Myanmar? ›

Historically, the Rakhine majority has resented the presence of Rohingyas, who they view as Muslim people from another country. There is widespread public hostility towards the Rohingya in Myanmar. The Rohingya, on the other hand, feel they are part of Myanmar and claim persecution by the state.

How are human rights in Myanmar being violated? ›

In a campaign of violence that has touched every corner of the country, soldiers, police officers and military-backed militias have murdered, abducted, detained, and tortured children.

What happened in Myanmar that lead to a coup? ›

Addressing the nation on 2 February, the junta used the election commission's failure to resolve the electoral disputes, which it argued 'violated the Constitution and could lead to a “disintegration of national solidarity”', as a pretext for the takeover.

Which religion is most in India? ›

India's religious composition largely stable since Partition

Between 1951 and 2011, Muslims grew by 4.4 percentage points to 14.2% of the population, while Hindus declined by 4.3 points to 79.8%. Christians have made up between 2% and 3% of India's population in every census since 1951.

Who is responsible for Rohingya genocide? ›

Five years ago, Burma's military launched a brutal campaign against Rohingya – razing villages, raping, torturing, and perpetrating large-scale violence that killed thousands of Rohingya men, women, and children. More than 740,000 Rohingya were forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in Bangladesh.

Is Myanmar a poor country? ›

The report stated that poverty is estimated to have doubled compared to March 2020, with around 40 per cent of the population living below the national poverty line in 2022.

Who is controlling Myanmar? ›

Executive branch
Chairman Prime MinisterMin Aung Hlaing2 February 2021
Vice ChairmanSoe Win2 February 2021
PresidentMyint Swe1 February 2021

What is the most violated human right? ›

Human trafficking is currently one of the largest issues on a global scale as millions of men, women, and children are forced into labor and sexual exploitation. Religious discrimination is also very common in many places around the world.

What country has violated human rights? ›

In 2017, South Sudan ranked last for Human Rights Protection, followed by Syria, Sudan, and Myanmar.
Countries with lowest Human Rights Protection Scores as of 2017.
CharacteristicHuman rights score
North Korea-2.44
9 more rows
Aug 13, 2021

What language do Myanmar people speak? ›

The official language is Burmese, spoken by the people of the plains and, as a second language, by most people of the hills. During the colonial period, English became the official language, but Burmese continued as the primary language in all other settings.

What is Australia doing to help Myanmar? ›

As part of the Albanese Government's commitment to supporting the humanitarian response in Myanmar and Bangladesh, Australia will provide $135 million in2022-23 to assist with the delivery of life-saving food, water and shelter through partner organisations.


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