A brief history of correct performance (2023)

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Equal treatment, the same access: increase awareness of people with disabilities and their struggle for equal rights

19. June 2015

A brief history of the correct movement of disability

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Americans with disabilities are a group of approximately 40.7 million people who live their own independent and resistant life today and, according to their personality, ideas, beliefs, hopes and dreams and beyond their disabilities.Disabilities as an aspect of identity that influences an individual's experiences, not as the only defining characteristic of a person.

People with disabilities fight a history of prejudice

People with disabilities had to fight centuries, harmful stereotypes and irrational fears.

In the nineteenth century, people with disabilities were considered a lean, tragic and unhappy person who could not contribute to society, except to serve as objects of ridicule entertainment in circuses and exhibitions.Numerous people had to undergo sterilization, people with disabilities were also forced to enter institutions and asylum, where many spent their entire lives. "Cleaning" and separation of people with disabilities were considered, however, to keep people with disabilitiesinvisible and hidden from anxiety. And biased society.

The marginalization of people with disabilities continued to World War I, when veterans with disabilities expected the US government to provide rehabilitation in exchange for its service to the country. In the 1930s, the United States has experienced many new progress in technology as well as as well asIn state support, which contributed to the self -image and self -effectiveness of people with disabilities.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the first disabled president, was a major advocate for the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, but still operated with the idea that disability was an abnormal and shameful state and should be healed or determined.

In the 1940s and 1950s, the disabled veterans were increasingly placing World War II against the government to offer -Che rehabilitation and professional training. This sacrificed their lives to ensure the safety of the most visible United States.

Despite this initial progress over independence and independence, people with disabilities still have no access to public transportation, phones, bathrooms and stores. The offices of office and jobs and workplace with stairs did not offer entry to people with disabilities they seekemployment, and employer attitudes towards the worse obstacles.

The street with the same access and the same treatment

In the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement took shape and the supporters of disabilities saw the opportunity to work together with other minority groups to demand the same treatment, the same access and opportunities for people with disabilities.It has a similar pattern that many other civil rights movements seek negative attitudes and stereotypes, the Assembly of Political and Institutional Changes and Lobby for the self -determination of a minority community.

Inability activists were mobilized locally and required national and social obstacles to take into account the disabled community. In that their children could have the opportunity to get involved in a society like children who were not disabled.

The 1973 Rehabilitation Law

In the 1970s, disability rights activists campaigned and marched to Washington to include a civil rights language for people with disabilities in the 1972.1973 Rehabilitation Law approved the Rehabilitation Law and, for the first time in history, civil rightsOf people with disabilities received deficiencies protected by law.

The 1973 Rehabilitation Law (Section 504) offered the same job opportunities in the federal government and federal and federal programs, which prohibits discrimination based on physical or mental disabilities. This is established in which people with disabilities prescribed the same access to servicespublic (such as public housing and public transport services) and the attribution of money for vocational training.

Commercial education for all children with disabilities

In 1975, the law on education for all children with disabilities was passed to guarantee the same access to public education for children with disabilities. In this law of legislation, it was found that all children had the right to education and the complete inclusion ofChildren with disabilities in the main educational classes were prescribed unless a satisfactory level of education cannot be reached due to the type of deficiency of the child.

Training for all laws of children with disabilities was renamed the formation of people with disabilities (idea) who developed even more about the inclusion of children with disabilities in regular classes, but also focused on parents' rights, in the education involved.in their decisions that affect their children.

Act of Americans with disabilities

In the 1980s, deficiencies activists began to work for a consolidation of various laws under a wide civil rights law that would protect the rights of persons with disabilities, similar to the 1964 civil rights law for black Americans., religion, national origin or gender, but people with disabilities were not taken under so much protection.

After the campaign and lobby of decades, the law of Americans with disabilities (ADA) was adopted in 1990 and provided equal treatment and the same access to people with disabilities compared to employment opportunities and public adaptations., public accommodation locations., means of transportation and telecommunications services.

As part of the ADA, companies were in charge of providing people with disabilities appropriate adaptations (for example, making changes accessible to people with disabilities, and all telecommunications services were prescribed to offer people with disabilities. People with disabilities in alllevels of society.

Although the signature of the ADA has immediate legislative conditions to ensure the same access and treatment, as well as people with disabilities, deep assumptions and stereotyped prejudices have not immediately changed with the success of a abbey. Representation of people with disabilities in movies and media, physical obstacles,For schools, housing and vote stations and lack of affordable medical care. ADA's promise should still be completely implemented, but the movement of disabled rights continues to progress towards empowerment and self -determination of Americans with disabilities.

glossary

Defender:A person who speaks of something, a supporter or defender.

Assignment:In addition to a special purpose, distributed according to a plan.

Marginalization:Limit to a lower social reputation.

Mobilize:To assemble, prepare or put in operation for a purpose.

Rehabilitación:Restore good conditions, health and capacity.

Self -determination:People's freedom to determine their own status and independence.

Sterilization:The action of making a sterile person or not being able to present a child.

Stigmatization:Characterize as shameful.

Vocational Training:Training for a job.

References

Fleischer, Doris y Zames, Freida 2001.The movement of the disabled law: from charity to confrontation.Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

United States Census Office, 2016, American Community Survey, Tabelle S1810,http://factfinder.census.gov.

Vaughn, Jacqueline.2003.Deactivation rights: American politics and the struggle for equality.Washington, D. C., Georgetown University Press.

Published: 05.03.2022

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